exe参数能够配备特定的服务

参照网址:

备考:网址内容是翻译得来,源网址在上头

 

与服务调控器和已安装的劳务扩充通讯。exe检索和设置关于劳动的调节新闻。您能够应用sc.exe来测量检验和调治服务程序。存储在注册表中的服务属性能够设置为垄断(monopoly卡塔 尔(阿拉伯语:قطر‎什么在运营时运行服务应用程序,并作为后台进度运维。exe参数能够布置特定的劳务,检索服务的近些日子场合,以至结束和开发银行服务。您能够成立调用各个sc.exe命令的批管理文件,以自动化运维或关闭服务的次第。exe提供相似于调整面板中的管理工科具项中的服务的效用。

对此命令语法,请单击上面包车型客车别样一个sc命令:

sc boot

表示最后叁个指点是或不是相应被封存为尾声贰个卓绝的布署。

Syntax

sc [ServerNameboot [{bad|OK}]

Parameters

ServerName   钦定服务所在的远程服务器的名称。名称必得运用通用命名约定(UNC)格式(“myserver”)。要在该地运行sc.exe,请忽略这些参数。

[{ bad | OK }] :点名最终一个携带是坏的依旧应当作为最后四个好的教导配置来保存。

/ ?在指令提醒符中展现援救。

Examples

下边包车型客车例证展现了何等运用sc boot 命令:

sc boot ok 
sc boot bad

sc config 

在注册大旨和劳动调节微处理机的数据库中期维修正服务条目款项标值。

Syntax

sc [ServerNameconfig [ServiceName] [type= {own|share|kernel|filesys|rec|adapt|interact type= {own|share}}] [start={boot|system|auto|demand|disabled}] [error={normal|severe|critical|ignore}] [binpath= BinaryPathName] [group= LoadOrderGroup] [tag={yes|no}] [depend= dependencies] [obj= {AccountName|ObjectName}] [displayname= DisplayName] [password= Password]

Parameters

ServerName   : 钦定服务所在的远间隔服务器的称谓。名称必需使用通用命名约定(UNC)格式(“myserver”)。要在地面运维sc.exe,请忽略这几个参数。

ServiceName   : 钦定由getkeyname操作重临的劳务名称。

type= { own | share | kernel | filesys | rec | adapt | interact   type= { own | share }}   : 钦命了服务类型。

Value

Description

own

服务运行在自己的进程中。它不与其他服务共享一个可执行文件。这是默认的。

share

该服务作为一个共享过程运行。它与其他服务共享一个可执行文件。

kernel

驱动程序

filesys

文件系统驱动程序。

rec

文件系统识别的驱动程序(识别计算机上使用的文件系统)。

adapt

适配器驱动程序(识别硬件项目,如键盘、鼠标和磁盘驱动器)。

interact

该服务可以与桌面交互,接收来自用户的输入。交互式服务必须在LocalSystem帐户下运行。

此类型必须与type= owntype= shared(例如,type= interact type= own)一起使用。

使用type= interact本身就会产生一个无效的参数错误。

start= { boot | system | auto | demand | disabled } : 钦定服务的上马类型。

Value

Description

boot

由引导加载程序加载的设备驱动程序。

system

在内核初始化期间启动的设备驱动程序。

auto

一种服务,每当计算机重新启动并运行,即使没有人登录计算机,它也会自动启动。

demand

必须手动启动的服务。如果start=没有指定,那么这就是默认值。

disabled

无法启动的服务。要启动一个禁用的服务,将start类型更改为其他值。

error= { normal | severe | critical | ignore } : 借使服务在运维期间不能够开发银行,则钦命错误的不得了程度。

Value

Description

normal

错误会被记录,并且会显示一个消息框,通知用户一个服务没有启动。程序将继续下去。这是默认设置。

severe

错误被记录(如果可能的话)。计算机试图以最后一组良好的配置重新启动。这可能导致计算机能够重新启动,但是服务可能仍然无法运行。

critical

错误被记录(如果可能的话)。计算机试图以最后一组良好的配置重新启动。如果最后一个好的配置失败了,启动也会失败,引导过程会停止错误。

ignore

错误被记录,启动继续。除了记录事件日志中的错误之外,没有通知用户。

binpath=   BinaryPathName   : 内定服务二进制文件的门径。

group=   LoadOrderGroup   : 内定该服务为成员的组的称呼。组的列表存储在HKLM系统CurrentControlSet调控ServiceGroupOrder子键的注册表中。默认为空。

tag= { yes | no } : 钦点是还是不是从CreateService调用中赢得八个TagID。标签只用于运营运营和系统运转驱动程序。

depend=   dependencies   : 钦点必须在这里服务此前运转的劳动或组的称号。名称由前斜杠(/)分隔断。

obj= { AccountName | ObjectName } :内定服务将运维的帐户的名号,或钦命驱动程序运营的Windows驱动程序对象的称号。缺省值是LocalSystem。

displayname=   DisplayName   : 钦命叁个自身的、有意义的名号,能够在客户分界面程序中央银行使,以识别客商的服务。譬如,一个服务的子键名是wuauserv,它对顾客并未有助于,呈现名是自动更新。

password=   Password   : 内定四个密码。倘使运用的是LocalSystem帐户以外的帐户,则须要如此做。

/ ?在命令提醒符中突显扶助。

Remarks

  • 假设未有三个parameter 和
    value之间的上空(举例,type=归属自身,并非连串=自个儿),操作就能失败。

Examples

下边包车型大巴言传身教体现了怎么行使 sc config 命令:

sc config NewService binpath= “ntsd -d
c:windowssystem32NewServ.exe”

sc continue

Sends a CONTINUE control request to a service in order to resume a
paused service.

Top of
page 

Syntax

sc [ServerNamecontinue [ServiceName]

Top of
page 

Parameters

ServerName   : 内定服务所在的长间隔服务器的称谓。名称必得运用通用命名约定(UNC)格式(“myserver”)。要在本地运转sc.exe,请忽视那个参数。

ServiceName   Specifies the service name returned by
the getkeyname operation.

/? Displays help at the command prompt.

Top of
page 

Remarks

  • Use the continue operation to resume a paused service.

Top of
page 

Examples

The following example shows how you can use the sc continue command:

sc continue tapisrv

sc control

Sends a CONTROL B to a service.

Top of
page 

Syntax

sc[ServerNamecontrol [ServiceName] [{paramchange|netbindadd|netbindremove|netbindenable|netbinddisable|UserDefinedControlB}]

Top of
page 

Parameters

ServerName   : 钦点服务所在的远间距服务器的名目。名称必得使用通用命名约定(UNC)格式(“myserver”)。要在本土运营sc.exe,请忽视这么些参数。

ServiceName   Specifies the service name returned by
the getkeyname operation.

{ paramchange | netbindadd | netbindremove | netbindenable | netbinddisable | UserDefinedControlB } : Specifies
a control to send to a service.

/? Displays help at the command prompt.

sc create

在注册中心和服务调整微型机的数据库中为劳动创设三个子键和条目。

Syntax

sc [ServerNamecreate [ServiceName] [type= {own|share|kernel|filesys|rec|adapt|interact type= {own|share}}] [start={boot|system|auto|demand|disabled}] [error={normal|severe|critical|ignore}] [binpath= BinaryPathName] [group= LoadOrderGroup] [tag={yes|no}] [depend= dependencies] [obj= {AccountName|ObjectName}] [displayname= DisplayName] [password= Password]

Parameters

ServerName   : 钦定服务所在的中远间隔服务器的名目。名称必需接受通用命名约定(UNC)格式(“myserver”)。要在地头运转sc.exe,请忽视这几个参数。

ServiceName   : 内定由getkeyname操作再次回到的服务名称。

type= { own | share | kernel | filesys | rec | adapt | interact   type= { own | share }}   : 钦赐了劳动类型. 暗中同意的门类 own.

Value

Description

own

服务运行在自己的进程中。它不与其他服务共享一个可执行文件。这是默认的。

share

该服务作为一个共享过程运行。它与其他服务共享一个可执行文件。

kernel

驱动程序

filesys

文件系统驱动程序。

rec

文件系统识别的驱动程序(识别计算机上使用的文件系统)。

interact

该服务可以与桌面交互,接收来自用户的输入。交互式服务必须在LocalSystem帐户下运行。

此类型必须与type= owntype= shared(例如,type= interact type= own)一起使用。

使用type= interact本身就会产生一个无效的参数错误。

start= { boot | system | auto | demand | disabled } : 钦命服务的始发类型。暗许的始发是 start= demand.

   

boot

由引导加载程序加载的设备驱动程序。

system

在内核初始化期间启动的设备驱动程序。

auto

一种服务,每当计算机重新启动并运行,即使没有人登录计算机,它也会自动启动。

demand

必须手动启动的服务。这是默认值start没有指定。

disabled

无法启动的服务。要启动一个禁用的服务,将start类型更改为其他值。

error= { normal | severe | critical | ignore } : 假如服务在运转时期无法运维,则钦定错误的严重程度。私下认可值是error= normal.

   

normal

错误会被记录,并且会显示一个消息框,通知用户一个服务没有启动。公司将继续下去。这是默认设置。

severe

错误被记录(如果可能的话)。计算机试图以最后一组良好的配置重新启动。这可能导致计算机能够重新启动,但是服务可能仍然无法运行。

critical

错误被记录(如果可能的话)。计算机试图以最后一组良好的配置重新启动。如果最后一个好的配置失败了,启动也会失败,引导过程会停止错误。

ignore

错误被记录,启动继续。除了记录事件日志中的错误之外,没有通知用户。

binpath=   BinaryPathName   : 内定服务二进制文件的不二法门。未有私下认可值 ,binpath以此字符串必需提供.

group=   LoadOrderGroup   :钦命该服务为成员的组的称号。组的列表存款和储蓄在注册表中 HKLMSystemCurrentControlSetControlServiceGroupOrder
subkey. 默感到空。

tag= { yes | no } : 钦定是或不是从CreateService调用中得到贰个TagID。标签只用于运行运转和系统运营驱动程序。

depend=   dependencies   : 钦定必得在这里服务从前运营的劳动或组的称号。名称由前斜杠(/)分隔离。

obj= { AccountName | ObjectName } : 钦点服务将运转的帐户的名号,或钦定驱动程序运营的Windows驱动程序对象的称号。

displayname=   DisplayName   : 钦点二个和好的名目,客户分界面程序能够采取它来标志服务。

password=   Password   : 钦点三个密码。假若接收的是LocalSystem以外的帐户,则供给那样做。

/? : 在指令提示符中呈现帮忙。 

Remarks

  • 并未有参数和值时期的空格操作将会破产(正确:type= own,
    错误:type=own),

Examples

上边包车型客车事例显示了怎么着使用 sc create 命令:

sc \myserver create NewService binpath=
c:windowssystem32NewServ.exe
 
sc create NewService binpath= c:windowssystem32NewServ.exe type=
share start= auto depend= “+TDI Netbios”

sc create ServerWCF binPath=
“F:/SalesAndSalesManagement/ServerWCF/bin/Release/ServerWCF.exe” TYPE=
“own” start= “auto” TAG= “no” DisplayName= “ServerWCF”

 

sc delete

从注册表中除去服务子键。借使服务正在运作,也许另一个历程对劳动有叁个开发的句柄,那么该服务将被标识为除去。

Syntax

sc [ServerNamedelete [ServiceName]

Parameters

ServerName   : 钦定服务所在的长途服务器的称号。名称必得利用UNC格式(“myserver”)。要在当地运维sc.exe,请忽视那一个参数。

ServiceName   : 钦命由该服务重返的劳务名称 getkeyname 操作.

/? :在指令提示符中展现帮忙。

Remarks

  • 使用增加或删除程序来删除DHCP、DNS或别的别的内置的操作系统服务。增加或删除程序不仅仅会去除服务的挂号表子键,还有大概会卸载服务并删除服务的别的快捷格局。

Examples

下边包车型客车演示体现了哪些使用 sc delete 命令:

sc delete newserv

 

sc description

为劳动设置描述字符串。

Syntax

sc [ServerNamedescription [ServiceName]
[Description]

Top of
page 

Parameters

ServerName   Specifies the name of the remote server on
which the service is located. The name must use the UNC format
(“\myserver”). To run SC.exe locally, ignore this parameter.

ServiceName   Specifies the service name returned by
the getkeyname operation.

Description   Specifies a description for the specified
service. If no string is specified, the description of the service is
not modified. There is no limit to the number of characters that can be
contained in the service description.

/? Displays help at the command prompt.

Top of
page 

Examples

The following example shows how you can use the sc
description
 command:

sc description newserv “Runs quality of service control.”

sc enumdepend

Lists the services that cannot run unless the specified service is
running.

Top of
page 

Syntax

sc [ServerNameenumdepend [ServiceName] [BufferSize]

Top of
page 

Parameters

ServerName   Specifies the name of the remote server on
which the service is located. The name must use the UNC format
(“\myserver”). To run SC.exe locally, ignore this parameter.

ServiceName   Specifies the service name returned by
the getkeyname operation.

BufferSize   Specifies the size (in bytes) of the
enumeration buffer. The default is 1024 bytes.

/? Displays help at the command prompt.

Top of
page 

Remarks

  • If the buffer is not big enough, the enumdepend operation will
    output dependencies only partially, and will specify the additional
    buffer size required to output all dependencies. If the output is
    truncated, rerun the operation and specify the larger buffer size.

Top of
page 

Examples

The following examples show how you can use the sc
enumdepend
 command:

sc enumdepend rpcss 5690 
sc enumdepend tapisrv

sc failure

Specifies what action to take upon failure of the service.

Top of
page 

Syntax

sc [ServerNamefailure [ServiceName] [reset= ErrorFreePeriod] [reboot= BroadcastMessage] [command= CommandLine] [actions= FailureActionsAndDelayTime]

Top of
page 

Parameters

ServerName   Specifies the name of the remote server on
which the service is located. The name must use the UNC format
(“\myserver”). To run SC.exe locally, ignore this parameter.

ServiceName   Specifies the service name returned by
the getkeyname operation.

reset=   ErrorFreePeriod   Specifies the length of
the period (in seconds) with no failures after which the failure count
should be reset to 0. This parameter must be used in conjunction with
the actions= parameter.

reboot=   BroadcastMessage   Specifies the message
to be broadcast upon failure of the service.

command=   CommandLine   Specifies the command line
to be run upon failure of the service. For more information about how to
run a batch or VBS file upon failure, see Remarks.

actions=   FailureActionsAndDelayTime   Specifies
the failure actions and their delay time (in milliseconds) separated by
the forward slash (/). The following actions are
valid: runrestart, and reboot. This parameter must be used
in conjunction with the reset=parameter. Use actions= “” to take
no action upon failure.

/? Displays help at the command prompt.

Top of
page 

Remarks

  • Not all services allow changes to their failure options. Some run as
    part of a service set.

  • To run a batch file upon failure,
    specify cmd**.exe Drive:FileName.bat to
    the 
    command= parameter, where Drive:FileName.bat**is
    the fully qualified name of the batch file.

  • To run a VBS file upon failure, specify cscript
    drive**
    :myscript.vbs to the command= parameter,
    where drive
    :myscript.vbs** is the fully qualified name
    of the script file.

  • It is possible to specify three different actions to
    the actions= parameter, which will be used the first, second,
    and third time a service fails.

  • Without a space between a parameter and its value (that is, type=
    own
    , not type=own), the operation will fail.

Top of
page 

Examples

The following examples show how you can use the sc failure command:

sc failure msftpsvc reset= 30 actions= restart/5000 
sc failure dfs reset= 60 command=
c:windowsservicesrestart_dfs.exe actions= run/5000
 
sc failure dfs reset= 60 actions= reboot/30000 
sc failure dfs reset= 60 reboot= “The Distributed File System service
has failed. Because of this, the computer will reboot in 30 seconds.”
actions= reboot/30000
 
sc failure myservice reset= 3600 reboot= “MyService crashed —
rebooting machine” command= “
 %windir%MyServiceRecovery.exe”
actions= restart/5000/run/10000/reboot/60000

sc getdisplayname

Gets the display name associated with a particular service.

Top of
page 

Syntax

sc [ServerNamegetdisplayname [ServiceName] [BufferSize]

Top of
page 

Parameters

ServerName   Specifies the name of the remote server on
which the service is located. The name must use the UNC format
(“\myserver”). To run SC.exe locally, ignore this parameter.

ServiceName   Specifies the service name returned by
the getkeyname operation.

BufferSize   Specifies the size (in bytes) of the buffer.
The default is 1024 bytes.

/? Displays help at the command prompt.

Top of
page 

Examples

The following examples show how you can use the sc
getdisplayname
 command:

sc getdisplayname clipsrv 
sc getdisplayname tapisrv 
sc getdisplayname sharedaccess

sc getkeyname

Gets the key name associated with a particular service, using the
display name as input.

Top of
page 

Syntax

sc [ServerNamegetkeyname [ServiceDisplayName] [BufferSize]

Top of
page 

Parameters

ServerName   Specifies the name of the remote server on
which the service is located. The name must use the UNC format
(“\myserver”). To run SC.exe locally, ignore this parameter.

ServiceDisplayName   Specifies the display name of the
service.

BufferSize   Specifies the size (in bytes) of the buffer.
The default is 1024 bytes.

/? Displays help at the command prompt.

Top of
page 

Remarks

  • If the ServiceDisplayName contains spaces, use quotation marks
    around the text (that is, “*Service Display Name*”).

Top of
page 

Examples

The following examples show how you can use the sc
getkeyname
 command:

sc getkeyname “remote procedure call (rpc)” 
sc getkeyname “internet connection sharing” 
sc getkeyname clipbook

sc interrogate

Sends an INTERROGATE control request to a service.

Top of
page 

Syntax

sc [ServerNameinterrogate [ServiceName]

Top of
page 

Parameters

ServerName   Specifies the name of the remote server on
which the service is located. The name must use the UNC format
(“\myserver”). To run SC.exe locally, ignore this parameter.

ServiceName   Specifies the service name returned by
the getkeyname operation.

/? Displays help at the command prompt.

Top of
page 

Remarks

  • Sending INTERROGATE to a service causes the service to update its
    status with the Service Control Manager.

Top of
page 

Examples

The following examples show how you can use the sc
interrogate
 command:

sc interrogate sharedaccess 
sc interrogate rpcss

sc lock

Locks the Service Control Manager’s database.

Top of
page 

Syntax

sc [ServerNamelock

Top of
page 

Parameters

ServerName   Specifies the name of the remote server on
which the service is located. The name must use the UNC format
(“\myserver”). To run SC.exe locally, ignore this parameter.

/? Displays help at the command prompt.

Top of
page 

Remarks

  • Locking the Service Control Manager’s database prevents any services
    from starting. Use this if you want to make sure that a service will
    not be started after it has been stopped. This will allow you to
    take some action (for example, deleting the service) without
    interference.

  • Using the lock operation locks the Service Control Manager’s
    database and then allows the database to be unlocked by typingu.
    You can also kill the process from which you locked the database.

Top of
page 

Examples

The following example shows how you can use the sc lock command:

sc lock

sc pause

Sends a PAUSE control request to a service.

Top of
page 

Syntax

sc [ServerNamepause [ServiceName]

Top of
page 

Parameters

ServerName   Specifies the name of the remote server on
which the service is located. The name must use the UNC format
(“\myserver”). To run SC.exe locally, ignore this parameter.

ServiceName   Specifies the service name returned by
the getkeyname operation.

/? Displays help at the command prompt.

Top of
page 

Remarks

  • Use the pause operation to pause a service before shutting it
    down.

  • Not all services can be paused.

  • Not all services perform the same when paused. Some continue to
    service existing clients, but refuse to accept new clients. Others
    cease to service existing clients and also refuse to accept new
    ones.

Top of
page 

Examples

The following example shows how you can use the sc pause command:

sc pause tapisrv

sc qc

Queries the configuration information for a service.

Top of
page 

Syntax

sc [ServerNameqc [ServiceName] [BufferSize]

Top of
page 

Parameters

ServerName   Specifies the name of the remote server on
which the service is located. The name must use the UNC format
(“\myserver”). To run SC.exe locally, ignore this parameter.

ServiceName   Specifies the service name returned by
the getkeyname operation.

BufferSize   Specifies the size (in bytes) of the buffer.
The default is 1024 bytes.

/? Displays help at the command prompt.

Top of
page 

Remarks

  • The qc operation displays the following information about a
    service: SERVICE_NAME (service’s registry subkey name), TYPE,
    ERROR_CONTROL, BINARY_PATH_NAME, LOAD_ORDER_GROUP, TAG,
    DISPLAY_NAME, DEPENDENCIES, and SERVICE_START_NAME.

  • Administrators can use SC to determine the binary name of any
    service and find out if it shares a process with other services by
    typing the following at the command line:

    sc qc ServiceName

    SC can help match up services in the Services node of Microsoft
    Management Console (MMC) with processes in System Monitor. If the
    binary name is Services.exe, then the service shares the Service
    Controller process.

    Services.exe starts all services. To conserve system resources,
    several Win32 services developed for Windows are written to share
    the Services.exe process. These services are not listed as separate
    processes in System Monitor or Task Manager. The same is true of
    Svchost.exe which is a service host process that many operating
    services share.

    There might not be a process for every Win32 service because
    third-party Win32 services can also be configured to share
    processes. SC can be used to get configuration information on these
    services. If a service does not share its process with other
    services, however, there will be a process for it in System Monitor
    when the service is running.

  • SC can be useful for developers of services because it provides more
    detailed and accurate information about services than Services.exe,
    which is included with Windows. Services.exe can determine whether a
    service is running, stopped, or paused. Although these tools are
    adequate for a debugged application that is running smoothly, the
    information they provide about a service being developed can be
    misleading. For example, a service that is starting is shown as
    started whether it is actually running or not.

    SC implements calls to all Windows service control application
    programming interface (API) functions. Set the parameters to these
    functions by specifying them at the command line.

    Using SC, you can query the service status and retrieve the values
    stored in the status structure fields. Services.exe cannot provide
    you with the complete status of a service, but SC shows the exact
    state of the service, as well as the last checkpoint number and wait
    hint. You can use the checkpoint as a debugging tool because it
    indicates how far the initialization progressed before the program
    stopped responding. SC also lets you specify the name of a remote
    computer so that you can call the service API functions or view the
    service status structures on a remote computer.

Top of
page 

Examples

The following examples show how you can use the sc qc command:

sc qc \myserver newsrvice 
sc qc rpcss 248

sc qdescription

Displays the description string of a service.

Top of
page 

Syntax

sc [ServerNameqdescription [ServiceName] [BufferSize]

Top of
page 

Parameters

ServerName   Specifies the name of the remote server on
which the service is located. The name must use the UNC format
(“\myserver”). To run SC.exe locally, ignore this parameter.

ServiceName   Specifies the service name returned by
the getkeyname operation.

BufferSize   Specifies the size (in bytes) of the buffer.
The default is 1024 bytes.

/? Displays help at the command prompt.

Top of
page 

Examples

The following examples show how you can use the sc
qdescription
 command:

sc qdescription rpcss 
sc qdescription rpcss 138

sc qfailure

Displays the actions that will be performed if the specified service
fails.

Top of
page 

Syntax

sc [ServerNameqfailure [ServiceName] [BufferSize]

Top of
page 

Parameters

ServerName   Specifies the name of the remote server on
which the service is located. The name must use the UNC format
(“\myserver”). To run SC.exe locally, ignore this parameter.

ServiceName   Specifies the service name returned by
the getkeyname peration.

BufferSize   Specifies the size (in bytes) of the buffer.
The default is 1024 bytes.

/? Displays help at the command prompt.

Top of
page 

Remarks

  • The qfailure operation displays the following information about
    a service: SERVICE_NAME (service’s registry subkey name),
    RESET_PERIOD, REBOOT_MESSAGE, COMMAND_LINE, and FAILURE_ACTIONS.

Top of
page 

Examples

The following examples show how you can use the sc qfailure command:

sc qfailure rpcss 
sc qfailure rpcss 20

sc query

Obtains and displays information about the specified service, driver,
type of service, or type of driver.

Top of
page 

Syntax

sc [ServerNamequery [ServiceName] [type= {driver|service|all}] [type= {own|share|interact|kernel|filesys|rec|adapt}] [state={active|inactive|all}] [bufsize= BufferSize] [ri= ResumeIndex] [group= GroupName

Top of
page 

Parameters

ServerName   Specifies the name of the remote server on
which the service is located. The name must use the UNC format
(“\myserver”). To run SC.exe locally, ignore this parameter.

ServiceName   Specifies the service name returned by
the getkeyname operation. This query parameter is not used in
conjunction with other query parameters (other than ServerName).

type= { driver | service | all }   Specifies
what to enumerate. The default type is service.

Value

Description

driver

Specifies that only drivers are enumerated.

service

Specifies that only services are enumerated.

all

Specifies that both drivers and services are enumerated.

type= { own | share | interact | kernel | filesys | rec | adapt }   Specifies
the type of services or type of drivers to enumerate.

Value

Description

own

The service runs in its own process. It does not share an executable file with other services. This is the default.

share

The service runs as a shared process. It shares an executable file with other services.

interact

The service can interact with the desktop, receiving input from users. Interactive services must be run under the LocalSystem account.

kernel

Driver.

filesys

File system driver.

state= { active | inactive | all }   Specifies
the started state of the service for which to enumerate. The default
state is active.

Value

Description

active

Specifies all active services.

inactive

Specifies all paused or stopped services.

all

Specifies all services.

bufsize=   BufferSize   Specifies the size (in
bytes) of the enumeration buffer. The default size is 1024 bytes.
Increase the size of the enumeration buffer when the display resulting
from a query exceeds 1024 bytes.

ri=   ResumeIndex   Specifies the index number at
which to begin or resume the enumeration. The default is 0. Use this
parameter in conjunction with the bufsize= parameter when more
information is returned by a query than the default buffer can display.

group=   GroupName   Specifies the service group to
enumerate. The default is all groups.

/? Displays help at the command prompt.

Top of
page 

Remarks

  • Without a space between a parameter and its value (that is, type=
    own
    , not type=own), the operation will fail.

  • The query operation displays the following information about a
    service: SERVICE_NAME (service’s registry subkey name), TYPE, STATE
    (as well as states which are not available), WIN32_EXIT_B,
    SERVICE_EXIT_B, CHECKPOINT, and WAIT_HINT.

  • The type= parameter can be used twice in some cases. The first
    appearance of the type= parameter specifies whether to query
    services, drivers, or all. The second appearance of
    the type= parameter specifies a type from
    the create operation to further narrow a query’s scope.

  • When the display resulting from a query command exceeds the size
    of the enumeration buffer, a message similar to the following is
    displayed:

    Enum: more data, need 1822 bytes start resume at index 79

    To display the remaining query information, rerun query,
    setting bufsize= to be the number of bytes and ri= to the
    specified index. For example, the remaining output would be
    displayed by typing the following at the command line:

    sc query bufsize= 1822 ri= 79

Top of
page 

Examples

The following examples show how you can use the sc query command:

sc query 
sc query messenger 
sc query type= driver 
sc query type= service 
sc query state= all 
sc query bufsize= 50 
sc query ri= 14 
sc query type= service type= interact 
sc query type= driver group= ndis

sc queryex

Obtains and displays extended information about the specified service,
driver, type of service, or type of driver.

Top of
page 

Syntax

sc [ServerNamequeryex [type= {driver|service|all}] [type= {own|share|interact|kernel|filesys|rec|adapt}] [state={active|inactive|all}] [bufsize= BufferSize] [ri= ResumeIndex] [group= GroupName]

Top of
page 

Parameters

ServerName   Specifies the name of the remote server on
which the service is located. The name must use the UNC format
(“\myserver”). To run SC.exe locally, ignore this parameter.

ServiceName   Specifies the service name returned by
the getkeyname operation. This queryex parameter is not used in
conjunction with any other queryex parameters except ServerName.

type= { driver | service | all }   Specifies
what to enumerate. The default type is service.

Value

Description

driver

Specifies that only drivers are enumerated.

service

Specifies that only services are enumerated.

all

Specifies that both drivers and services are enumerated.

type= { own | share | interact | kernel | filesys | rec | adapt } : Specifies
the type of services or type of drivers to enumerate.

Value

Description

own

The service runs in its own process. It does not share an executable file with other services. This is the default.

share

The service runs as a shared process. It shares an executable file with other services.

interact

The service can interact with the desktop, receiving input from users. Interactive services must be run under the LocalSystem account.

kernel

Driver.

filesys

File system driver.

state= { active | inactive | all }   Specifies
the started state of the service for which to enumerate. The default
state is active.

Value

Description

active

Specifies all active services.

inactive

Specifies all paused or stopped services.

all

Specifies all services.

bufsize=   BufferSize   Specifies the size (in
bytes) of the enumeration buffer. The default size is 1024 bytes.

ri=   ResumeIndex   Specifies the index number at
which to begin or resume the enumeration. The default is 0.

group=   GroupName   Specifies the service group to
enumerate. The default is all groups.

/? Displays help at the command prompt.

Top of
page 

Remarks

  • Without a space between a parameter and its value (that is, type=
    own
    , not type=own), the operation will fail.

  • The queryex operation displays the following information about a
    service: SERVICE_NAME (service’s registry subkey name), TYPE, STATE
    (as well as states that are not available), WIN32_EXIT_B,
    SERVICE_EXIT_B, CHECKPOINT, WAIT_HINT, PID, and FLAGS.

  • The type= parameter can be used twice in some cases. The first
    appearance of the type= parameter specifies whether to query
    services, drivers, or all. The second appearance of
    the type= parameter specifies a type from
    the create operation to further narrow a query’s scope.

  • When the display resulting from a queryex command exceeds the
    size of the enumeration buffer, a message similar to the following
    is displayed:

    Enum: more data, need 2130 bytes start resume at index 75

    To display the remaining queryex information, rerun queryex,
    setting bufsize= to be the number of bytes and ri= to the
    specified index. For example, the remaining output would be
    displayed by typing the following at the command line:

    sc queryex bufsize= 2130 ri= 75

Top of
page 

Examples

The following examples show how you can use the sc queryex command:

sc queryex messenger 
sc queryex group= “”

sc querylock

Queries and displays the lock status for the Service Control Manager’s
database.

Top of
page 

Syntax

sc [ServerNamequerylock

Top of
page 

Parameter

ServerName   Specifies the name of the remote server on
which the service is located. The name must use the UNC format
(“\myserver”). To run SC.exe locally, ignore this parameter.

/? Displays help at the command prompt.

sc sdset

Sets a service’s security descriptor using Service Descriptor Definition
Language (SDDL).

Top of
page 

Syntax

sc [ServerNamesdset ServiceName ServiceSecurityDescriptor

Top of
page 

Parameters

ServerName   Specifies the name of the remote server on
which the service is located. The name must use the UNC format
(“\myserver”). To run SC.exe locally, ignore this parameter.

ServiceName   Specifies the service name returned by
the getkeyname operation.

ServiceSecurityDescriptor   Specifies the service descriptor
in SDDL.

/? Displays help at the command prompt.

Top of
page 

Remarks

  • For more information about SDDL, see “Security Descriptor Definition
    Language” at the MSDN Online
    Library .

sc sdshow

Displays a service’s security descriptor using SDDL.

Top of
page 

Syntax

sc [ServerNamesdshow ServiceName

Top of
page 

Parameters

ServerName   Specifies the name of the remote server on
which the service is located. The name must use the UNC format
(“\myserver”). To run SC.exe locally, ignore this parameter.

ServiceName   Specifies the service name returned by
the getkeyname operation.

/? Displays help at the command prompt.

Top of
page 

Remarks

  • For more information about SDDL, see “Security Descriptor Definition
    Language” at the MSDN Online
    Library .

Top of
page 

Examples

sc sdshow rpcss

sc start

Starts a service running.

Top of
page 

Syntax

sc [ServerNamestart ServiceName [ServiceArguments]

Top of
page 

Parameters

ServerName   Specifies the name of the remote server on
which the service is located. The name must use the UNC format
(“\myserver”). To run SC.exe locally, ignore this parameter.

ServiceName   Specifies the service name returned by
the getkeyname operation.

ServiceArguments   Specifies service arguments to pass to
the service to be started.

/? Displays help at the command prompt.

Top of
page 

Examples

The following example shows how you can use the sc start command:

sc start tapisrv

sc stop

Sends a STOP control request to a service.

Top of
page 

Syntax

sc [ServerNamestop ServiceName

Top of
page 

Parameters

ServerName   Specifies the name of the remote server on
which the service is located. The name must use the UNC format
(“\myserver”). To run SC.exe locally, ignore this parameter.

ServiceName   Specifies the service name returned by
the getkeyname operation.

/? Displays help at the command prompt.

Top of
page 

Remarks

  • Not all services can be stopped.

Top of
page 

Examples

The following example shows how you can use the sc stop command:

sc stop tapisrv

Top of
page 

Remarks

Top of
page 

Formatting legend

Format

Meaning

Italic

Information that the user must supply

Bold

Elements that the user must type exactly as shown

Ellipsis (…)

Parameter that can be repeated several times in a command line

Between brackets ([])

Optional items

Between braces ({}); choices separated by pipe (|). Example: {even|odd}

Set of choices from which the user must choose only one

Courier font

Code or program output